home

PALACE OF JUSTICE


The new building of the Palace of Justice was built in two years (1902-1904), and it was built by the Viennese “Union” company according to the design of engineer and knight Spinler from Graz and under the supervision of engineer Riccardo Fontana.

The new building of the Palace of Justice was built in two years (1902-1904), and it was built by the Viennese “Union” company according to the design of engineer and knight Spinler from Graz and under the supervision of engineer Riccardo Fontana.


A prison was built in Zadar in the mid 19th cent on the green surface next to the Bortolozzi family house as a result of stricter Austrian authority regime and near the courthouse of the time.


Increased police activity and an increase in the bureaucratic apparatus of the capital of Dalmatia of the time had an influence on the need of building a new palace of justice at the beginning of the 20th cent. A small square was formed in front of the new palace and a new street was opened to emphasize the grandiose new building, but this high three-storey building was in quite disproportion to the neighbouring ones and even today it dominates in this part of the city nucleus. Following the Second World War, the damaged and decrepit building of the old prison was pulled down and a new, fourth wing was acquired forming a closed and rectangular complex.


The entire building was built in rustic style which is pointed out on the ground floor, while smooth and horizontal on the first and second floors. The floors are divided by horizontal cornice, and between the first and second there is a frieze of shallow and leafy curls. The roof cornice over the third floor is particularly rich. The main facade with 15 window axes is jagged by an emphasized risalto and two lateral ones. The most beautiful decoration of the building is its central entrance with three large arched portals and a female head plastering – the personification of wisdom and justice in the figure of Athena. The balcony over the entrance with three particularly beautiful distyle windows is supported by four strong consoles and decorated with acanthus leaves. The pillars of the hall and the great staircase are made of stone from Pučišće on the island of Brač, and the main room is particularly impressive with a very high ceiling decorated with white and gold plated plastering.  The entire work, as well as the furniture, was performed by companies from Graz and Vienna, and the uniqueness of the palace is that each one of the rooms is equipped with central heating and air conditioning.


The remainders of colour on the wall of the main facade are proof of the very rich decorations that emphasized additionally the plasticity of the windows, balconies and cornice reducing, at the same time, the impression of bulkiness. The Zadar Palace of Justice has the undoubted qualities of contemporary architecture from the beginning of the 20th cent, with a distinctive functionality and application of the technical achievements of the time giving it a high ranking in architectural skills.

  • Map